Shaykh Muhammad Salih Hendricks b.1871


  • Shaykh Muhammad Sālih Hendricks was born in 1871 in Swellendam. His mother’s name was ‘A’i’sha and his father’s name ‘Abdullāh. He left the Cape for the holy city of Makkah with Sayyid Abdul ‘Azīz al-Māliki in 1888.
  • He studied the Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli with Sayid Bakri Shatta, who wrote the commentary on the Hidayatul Adkiya ila Tariq al-Auliya of the Gnostic (Arif billa) Shaykh Zain al-Din ibn al-Shaykh ‘Ali ibn al-Shaykh Ahmad al-Mi’bari.
  • Shaykh Muhammad Sālih Hendricks also studied with Sayid ‘Abbās al-Māliki who was (the grandfather of the late Sayid Muhammad ‘Alawi al-Māliki and the chief Qādi in Makkah)
  • In March 1903, he left Mecca for Zanzibar where he was appointed assistant Qādi.
  • He returned to the Cape in July 1903 and it was here that he married a lady of Arab descent. She found it difficult to adapt and requested a talaq, then returned to Mecca. Later on the Shaykh married a woman by the name of Kubra Toefy. The marriage produced fifteen children – 8 daughters and 7 sons.
  • In 1920 he successfully established the Zāwia in Walmer estate, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • After spending seventeen years in Makkah, Yemen and other countries, all in the persuit of sacred knowledge, the shaykh returned to Cape Town. When he returned, he could no longer speak his home language, Afrikaans. He then attended the classes of a ‘Mr.Gool’ who gave him a refresher course on his mother tongue so that he could share the pearls vested him in by the scholars mentioned.

Daily lectures
  • After Fajr he held classes for Imāms until shortly before 10:00am.
  • From 10:00am he held special classes for members of the Ahli Bayt (Descendents of the Prophet (saw) and a number of other students of the Arab extraction). These classes were conducted entirely in Arabic.
  • After ‘Asr (late afternoon prayer) he conducted classes attended by younger members of the community.
  • Between Maghrib (early evening prayer) and ‘Isha (late evening prayer) he held classes on Qur’anic recitation and Fiqh.
  •  After ‘Isha he conducted classes for various groups based on the level of their advancement. During this time he also had a special group of about ten people whom he taught advanced lessons on Tasawwuf.
  •  Sunday mornings he taught the Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli from 11:00am to 12:30pm.
  • Every alternate Sunday he held classes for ladies from 4:00pm to 5:30pm
  • Thursday evenings were exclusively dedicated to Tafsīr.

Chain of transmission (silsilah) to Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him

Chain of transmission (silsilah) to Shaykh ‘Abdullah Sharqawi, may Allah’s mercy be upon him
First chain link (silsilah)
  • From Shaykh Muhammad Salih,
  • from Sayyid Husayn al-Hibshi  and Shaykh ‘Umar Ba Junaid;
  • from Sayyid Ahmad Dahlan;
  • from Shaykh ‘Uthman Dimyati and Sahykh ‘Abdurahman al-Kuzbari,;
  • from Shaykh Abdullah Sharqawi.
Second chain link (silsilah)
  •  Shaykh Muhammad Salih;
  • from Shaykh ‘Umar Bajunaid;
  • from Sayyid Ahmad Dahlan;
  • from Shaykh ‘Uthman Dimyati;
  • from Shaykh Muhammad al-Shinwani;
  • from Shaykh Abdullah Sharqawi.
“Verily in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest.”
“Verily in the remembrance of the pious do hearts find rest.”

  • Risālat al-Jāmi’a of Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayd al-Habashi
  • Matn al-Ghaya wa -Taqrib by Qādi Abū Shuja’ al-Asfahāni
  • Sharh of the Matn al-Ghaya wa al-Tariq by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bajuri
  • Mughni al-Muhtaj ila Ma’rifat al-Ma’āni Alfāz al-Minhāj by Shaykh Muhammad al-Khātib al-Shibrini (this was a commentary of the Minhāj al-Tālibīn of Imām Nawawi)
  • Maraqio al-Falah Sharh Nūr al-Idah by Shaykh Hasan bin ‘Amar bin ‘Ali al-Sharanbal Ali al-Hanfi
  • Tafsīr al-Jalalayn by Imām Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūti
  • Tafsīr al-Kabīr by Imām Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzi
 Usul al-Fiqh
  • Waraqat of Imām al-Haramayn al-Juwayni
  • Al-Mustasfa of Imām al-Ghazāli
  • Minhāj al-Wusūl ila ‘Ilm al-Usūl by Qādi Nasīr al-Dīn ‘Abdullāh bin Abi al-Qāsim ‘Ali bin ‘Umar al-Baydhāwi
  • Al-Ajrumiyya
  • Alfiyyatu Mālik
  • ‘Aqidat al-’Awām of Sayid Ahamd al-Marzūqi al- Māliki al-Makki
  • Umm al-Barāhin of al-Sanūsi
  • Jawharat al-Tawhid by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bajuri
  • Tuhfat al-Labib by Sayid Ahmad bin Sumayt
  • Nasīh al-Dīniyya of Sayid ‘Abdullāh bin ‘Alawi al-Haddād
  • Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli (with its commentaries)
Note: These are only a selection of works, which the Shaykh studied and taught.
Compiled by Allie Khalfe, 2009
Chain of transmissions verified by Sh. Ahmad Hendricks
Primary source of bio: Dissertation on the Awliya of the Cape, Shaykh Seraj Hendricks.


16 thoughts on “Shaykh Muhammad Salih Hendricks b.1871

  1. Sheikh Muhammad Salih Hendricks’ parents were Imam ’Abdullah ‘Giechie’ Hendricks (d. 1891) and ‘Ayesha Hendricks (d. 1893) of Swellendam. ‘Ayesha Hendricks was the daughter of Haji Abdul Bassier and Ghashiah van der Schyff. Sheikh Muhammad Salih Hendricks had three brothers. They were called Haji Sulaiman (Hai Slemang, d. 1937), Haji ‘Abd Al-Basir and Haji ‘Abd Al-Bari (’Ammi Bari). Their sisters were called Hajja Amina and Hajja Khadija. Hai Slemang had married Hajja Rashieda (Sies Siera) Kamaldien (d. 1950), of Claremont. They had seven daughters and a son – Zubayda, Khadija (married Desai, d. 1964), Makkea (married Parker, d. 1948), Asa (married da Costa, 1901–1981), Janap (married van der Schyff, 1908-1973), Fatima (married Abrahams, d. 1991), Roseda (married Salie, 1914-1985) and Abduragmaan (d. 1949).Sheikh Muhammad Salih Hendricks was the first South African-born person to study Islām overseas. He died in 1945. May Allāh, The One Who Bestows His abundance without measure on whom He will, Gladden their souls with His Good Pleasure.

  2. Gajjah Asa Slemang was married to Gaj Sulayman da Costa and they had 3 sons viz Sulayman, Abdurragmaan (Boeta man) and Yusuf (Prof) and 3 daughters, their names escape me now………..

  3. That is a good question. Maybe Allie Khalfe should be asked to extend his research to Sheikh Mahdi RA and Sheikh Ebrahim RA.
    Many of us were taught by Sheikh Mahdi RA.
    Insha Allah by Allah’s grace and mercy it will happen.

  4. Asa (Ayesha Hendricks)(married da Costa, 1901–1981),***(19/07/1897) was married to Thomas Daniel (Sulaiman) da Costa(18880 – 02/1943). Their children: Sophia, Sulaiman, Abduraghman (Boeta Man), Wareldiya (Aunty Babs), Ebrahiem (Uncle Ebie), Hashiem, Zubeiga, Yusuf, Achmat and Zainuneesa. I am the youngest granddaughter of Ayesha Hendricks and Sulaiman da Costa. I am currently working on the family tree on the da Costa line.

    1. Any possibility that some of Shaykh Muhammad Salih Hendrick’s family moved to Port Elizabeth. I am searching for a Latief (Houtehuisie) Hendricks

  5. Haji ‘Abd Al-Bari Hendricks’ granddaughter Amina married Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī of Makkah. She was called Siti Amina from then on. That is how the celebrated thinker and Qadiriyyah Tarīqah sheikh Abduragmaan da Costa (the son of Sies Asa da Costa of Salt River) came by his first name – he was named after the devout Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī. (Please see Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī and his pious son Sayed Saafi ’Alawī in the photograph above. Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī and Siti Amina had another son named Sayed Muhammad ’Alawī. They are descendents of our Beloved Prophet Muhammad [May Allāh Convey Peace and Blessings upon the Holy Prophet.])
    Haji Sulaiman (Hai Slemang) Hendricks also had a son called Abduragmaan. He was otherwise called Boetie Hendricks.

  6. Hi I would like to know if James Hendricks of Swellendam was a descended. He died in the 1940’s and was married to a Francis

  7. My name is Yaqub (Paul) Hendricks. I am a lecturer at the Royal Agricultural University in the UK. I am married to Asma bint Hamud Issa Al-Kindi of Oman (Zanzibar). My father was Jacobus Paul Hendricks who left South Africa in 1950 for the UK. My Hendricks family of CT are mixed – some Muslim, some Christian. I visited my family in Cape Town in 1977 for the first and last time. My dear Grandmother Jeanette Hendricks nee Van Rhyn passed in the early 1980’s. Sadly, I lost touch with my cousin Nazima Damon and her bothers Abdullah and Mohammed Damon. Insha’Allah there may be somebody who reads this and would have some idea of how to re-establish contact and find my relatives and family in Umma. Ahsant, shukran. Yaqub Hendricks

    1. Re: Nazima Damon and her bothers Abdullah and Mohammed Damon
      Please contact:
      Damon Sheikh Achmat 6 Ladbrook Road, Kenwyn 7780, Cape Town
      Telephone: (021) 761-9768 (home); 0828693982 (cellular telephone number); (e-mail)
      Hajjī Nazeem Achmat Damon, 5 Seattle Close, Portlands, Mitchell’s Plain 7785, Cape Town, home telephone number: (021) 392-7660, work telephone: (021) 406-6454, cellular telephone: 0727384333; e-mail address:

    2. Salaam Yaqub Paul Hendricks.i know a Kashief Damon perhaps he can give you some links to Nazima, Abdullah and Muhammad Damon. He is an Islamic scholar and has an institution called Al Markaz Quba and Al Abraar Centre in Goodwood in Cape Town. His number is 0832090742

  8. Re: Nazeema Damon and brothers Abdul Allah and Mohammed.
    I am Achmat Damon and I am a cousin of Nazeema and Abdullah Damon. They have a number of other siblings. There father Haj Yunus Damon is my uncle and my father is Haj Emam Salie Damon. We all stayed in Diep River and the Hendricks family just stayed 2 houses away from us. This was in the 1960’s. Their mother name is Fatima (OLLIE).

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