About the Shaykh
Shaykh Muhammad Sālih Hendricks was born in 1871 in Swellendam. His mothers name was ‘A’i’sha and his father ‘Abdullāh. He left the Cape for Mecca with Sayid Abd al-‘Azīz al-Māliki in 1888.
He studied the Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli with Sayid Bakri Shata, who wrote the commentary on the Hidayatul Adkiya ila Tariq al-Auliya of the gnostic (Arif billa) Shaykh Zain al-Din ibn al-Shaykh ‘Ali ibn al-Shaykh Ahmad al-Mi’bari.
Shaykh Muhammad Sālih Hendricks also studied with Sayid ‘Abbās al-Māliki who was (the grandfather of the late Sayid Muhammad ‘Alawi al-Māliki and the chief Qādi in Makkah)
In March 1903, he left Mecca for Zanzibar where he was appointed assistant Qādi.
He returned to the Cape in July 1903 and it was here that he married a lady of Arab descent. She found it difficult to adapt and requested a talaq, then returned to Mecca. Later on the Shaykh married a woman by the name of Kubra Toefy. The marriage produced fifteen children – 8 daughters and 7 sons.
In 1920 he successfully established the Zāwia in walmer estate
After spending seventeen years in Mecca, Yemen and other countries searcing for knowledge, the shaykh returned to Cape Town. When he returned, he could no longer speak his home languange, Afrikaans. He then attended the classes of a ‘Mr.Gool’ who taught him the languange (Afrikaans).
After Fajr he held classes for Imām’s until shortly before 10:00am
From 10:00am he held special classes for members of the Ahli Bayt (Descendents of the Prophet (saw) and a number of other students of the Arab extraction). These classes were conducted entirely in Arabic.
After ‘Asr (late afternoon prayer) he conducted classes attended by younger members of the community.
Between Maghrib (early evening prayer) and ‘Isha (late evening prayer) he held classes on Qur’anic recitation and Fiqh.
After ‘Isha he conducted classes for various groups based on the level of their advancement. During this time he also had a special group of about ten people whom he taught advanced lessons on Tasawwuf.
Sunday mornings he taught the Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli from 11:00am to 12:30pm.
Every alternate Sunday he held classes for ladies from 4:00pm to 5:30pm
Thursday evenings were exclusively dedicated to Tafsīr.
- Risālat al-Jāmi’a of Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayd al-Habashi
- Matn al-Ghaya wa -Taqrib by Qādi Abū Shuja’ al-Asfahāni
- Sharh of the Matn al-Ghaya wa al-Tariq by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bajuri
- Mughni al-Muhtaj ila Ma’rifat al-Ma’āni Alfāz al-Minhāj by Shaykh Muhammad al-Khātib al-Shibrini (this was a commentary of the Minhāj al-Tālibīn of Imām Nawawi)
- Maraqio al-Falah Sharh Nūr al-Idah by Shaykh Hasan bin ‘Amar bin ‘Ali al-Sharanbal Ali al-Hanfi
- Tafsīr al-Jalalayn by Imām Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūti
- Tafsīr al-Kabīr by Imām Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzi
- Waraqat of Imām al-Haramayn al-Juwayni
- Al-Mustasfa of Imām al-Ghazāli
- Minhāj al-Wusūl ila ‘Ilm al-Usūl by Qādi Nasīr al-Dīn ‘Abdullāh bin Abi al-Qāsim ‘Ali bin ‘Umar al-Baydhāwi
- Alfiyyatu Mālik
- ‘Aqidat al-’Awām of Sayid Ahamd al-Marzūqi al- Māliki al-Makki
- Umm al-Barāhin of al-Sanūsi
- Jawharat al-Tawhid by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bajuri
- Tuhfat al-Labib by Sayid Ahmad bin Sumayt
- Nasīh al-Dīniyya of Sayid ‘Abdullāh bin ‘Alawi al-Haddād
- Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli (with its commentaries)
Note: These are only a selection of works, which the Shaykh studied and taught.
By Muhammad Allie Khalfe, extracted from The dissertation on the Auliya of the Cape by Shaykh Seraj Hendricks.