Shaykh Muhammad Salih Hendricks b.1871


About the Shaykh

Shaykh Muhammad Sālih Hendricks was born in 1871 in Swellendam. His mothers name was ‘A’i’sha and his father ‘Abdullāh. He left the Cape for Mecca with Sayid Abd al-‘Azīz al-Māliki in 1888.

He studied the Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli with Sayid Bakri Shata, who wrote the commentary on the Hidayatul Adkiya ila Tariq al-Auliya of the gnostic (Arif billa) Shaykh Zain al-Din ibn al-Shaykh ‘Ali ibn al-Shaykh Ahmad al-Mi’bari.

Shaykh Muhammad Sālih Hendricks also studied with Sayid ‘Abbās al-Māliki who was (the grandfather of the late Sayid Muhammad ‘Alawi al-Māliki and the chief Qādi in Makkah)

In March 1903, he left Mecca for Zanzibar where he was appointed assistant Qādi.

He returned to the Cape in July 1903 and it was here that he married a lady of Arab descent. She found it difficult to adapt and requested a talaq, then returned to Mecca. Later on the Shaykh married a woman by the name of Kubra Toefy. The marriage produced fifteen children – 8 daughters and 7 sons.

In 1920 he successfully established the Zāwia in walmer estate

After spending seventeen years in Mecca, Yemen and other countries searcing for knowledge, the shaykh returned to Cape Town. When he returned, he could no longer speak his home languange, Afrikaans. He then attended the classes of a ‘Mr.Gool’ who taught him the languange (Afrikaans).

Daily lectures

After Fajr he held classes for Imām’s until shortly before 10:00am

From 10:00am he held special classes for members of the Ahli Bayt (Descendents of the Prophet (saw) and a number of other students of the Arab extraction). These classes were conducted entirely in Arabic.

After ‘Asr (late afternoon prayer) he conducted classes attended by younger members of the community.

Between Maghrib (early evening prayer) and ‘Isha (late evening prayer) he held classes on Qur’anic recitation and Fiqh.

 After ‘Isha he conducted classes for various groups based on the level of their advancement. During this time he also had a special group of about ten people whom he taught advanced lessons on Tasawwuf.

 Sunday mornings he taught the Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli from 11:00am to 12:30pm.

Every alternate Sunday he held classes for ladies from 4:00pm to 5:30pm

Thursday evenings were exclusively dedicated to Tafsīr.



  • Risālat al-Jāmi’a of Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayd al-Habashi
  • Matn al-Ghaya wa -Taqrib by Qādi Abū Shuja’ al-Asfahāni
  • Sharh of the Matn al-Ghaya wa al-Tariq by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bajuri
  • Mughni al-Muhtaj ila Ma’rifat al-Ma’āni Alfāz al-Minhāj by Shaykh Muhammad al-Khātib al-Shibrini (this was a commentary of the Minhāj al-Tālibīn of Imām Nawawi)
  • Maraqio al-Falah Sharh Nūr al-Idah by Shaykh Hasan bin ‘Amar bin ‘Ali al-Sharanbal Ali al-Hanfi


  • Tafsīr al-Jalalayn by Imām Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūti
  • Tafsīr al-Kabīr by Imām Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzi

 Usul al-Fiqh

  • Waraqat of Imām al-Haramayn al-Juwayni
  • Al-Mustasfa of Imām al-Ghazāli
  • Minhāj al-Wusūl ila ‘Ilm al-Usūl by Qādi Nasīr al-Dīn ‘Abdullāh bin Abi al-Qāsim ‘Ali bin ‘Umar al-Baydhāwi


  • Al-Ajrumiyya
  • Alfiyyatu Mālik


  • Aqidat al-’Awām of Sayid Ahamd al-Marzūqi al- Māliki al-Makki
  • Umm al-Barāhin of al-Sanūsi
  • Jawharat al-Tawhid by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bajuri


  • Tuhfat al-Labib by Sayid Ahmad bin Sumayt
  • Nasīh al-Dīniyya of Sayid ‘Abdullāh bin ‘Alawi al-Haddād
  • Ihya ‘Ulūm al-Dīn of Imām al- Ghazāli (with its commentaries)

Note: These are only a selection of works, which the Shaykh studied and taught.

By Muhammad Allie Khalfe, extracted from The dissertation on the Auliya of the Cape by Shaykh Seraj Hendricks.

13 thoughts on “Shaykh Muhammad Salih Hendricks b.1871

  1. Sheikh Muhammad Salih Hendricks’ parents were Imam ’Abdullah ‘Giechie’ Hendricks (d. 1891) and ‘Ayesha Hendricks (d. 1893) of Swellendam. ‘Ayesha Hendricks was the daughter of Haji Abdul Bassier and Ghashiah van der Schyff. Sheikh Muhammad Salih Hendricks had three brothers. They were called Haji Sulaiman (Hai Slemang, d. 1937), Haji ‘Abd Al-Basir and Haji ‘Abd Al-Bari (’Ammi Bari). Their sisters were called Hajja Amina and Hajja Khadija. Hai Slemang had married Hajja Rashieda (Sies Siera) Kamaldien (d. 1950), of Claremont. They had seven daughters and a son – Zubayda, Khadija (married Desai, d. 1964), Makkea (married Parker, d. 1948), Asa (married da Costa, 1901–1981), Janap (married van der Schyff, 1908-1973), Fatima (married Abrahams, d. 1991), Roseda (married Salie, 1914-1985) and Abduragmaan (d. 1949).Sheikh Muhammad Salih Hendricks was the first South African-born person to study Islām overseas. He died in 1945. May Allāh, The One Who Bestows His abundance without measure on whom He will, Gladden their souls with His Good Pleasure.

  2. Gajjah Asa Slemang was married to Gaj Sulayman da Costa and they had 3 sons viz Sulayman, Abdurragmaan (Boeta man) and Yusuf (Prof) and 3 daughters, their names escape me now………..

  3. That is a good question. Maybe Allie Khalfe should be asked to extend his research to Sheikh Mahdi RA and Sheikh Ebrahim RA.
    Many of us were taught by Sheikh Mahdi RA.
    Insha Allah by Allah’s grace and mercy it will happen.

  4. Asa (Ayesha Hendricks)(married da Costa, 1901–1981),***(19/07/1897) was married to Thomas Daniel (Sulaiman) da Costa(18880 – 02/1943). Their children: Sophia, Sulaiman, Abduraghman (Boeta Man), Wareldiya (Aunty Babs), Ebrahiem (Uncle Ebie), Hashiem, Zubeiga, Yusuf, Achmat and Zainuneesa. I am the youngest granddaughter of Ayesha Hendricks and Sulaiman da Costa. I am currently working on the family tree on the da Costa line.

    1. Any possibility that some of Shaykh Muhammad Salih Hendrick’s family moved to Port Elizabeth. I am searching for a Latief (Houtehuisie) Hendricks

  5. Haji ‘Abd Al-Bari Hendricks’ granddaughter Amina married Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī of Makkah. She was called Siti Amina from then on. That is how the celebrated thinker and Qadiriyyah Tarīqah sheikh Abduragmaan da Costa (the son of Sies Asa da Costa of Salt River) came by his first name – he was named after the devout Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī. (Please see Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī and his pious son Sayed Saafi ’Alawī in the photograph above. Sayed ‘Abd Al-Rahmān ’Alawī and Siti Amina had another son named Sayed Muhammad ’Alawī. They are descendents of our Beloved Prophet Muhammad [May Allāh Convey Peace and Blessings upon the Holy Prophet.])
    Haji Sulaiman (Hai Slemang) Hendricks also had a son called Abduragmaan. He was otherwise called Boetie Hendricks.

  6. Hi I would like to know if James Hendricks of Swellendam was a descended. He died in the 1940’s and was married to a Francis

  7. My name is Yaqub (Paul) Hendricks. I am a lecturer at the Royal Agricultural University in the UK. I am married to Asma bint Hamud Issa Al-Kindi of Oman (Zanzibar). My father was Jacobus Paul Hendricks who left South Africa in 1950 for the UK. My Hendricks family of CT are mixed – some Muslim, some Christian. I visited my family in Cape Town in 1977 for the first and last time. My dear Grandmother Jeanette Hendricks nee Van Rhyn passed in the early 1980’s. Sadly, I lost touch with my cousin Nazima Damon and her bothers Abdullah and Mohammed Damon. Insha’Allah there may be somebody who reads this and would have some idea of how to re-establish contact and find my relatives and family in Umma. Ahsant, shukran. Yaqub Hendricks

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